In Slovenia, the existence of an authority such as the State Attorneys Office dates back to the 15th century. It was first called the Prokuratura (Procurator's Office) and later the Fiskal (Prosecutor’s Office). In the period before the Second World War in the then Yugoslavia, it was a body within the Ministry of Finance whose key mission was to safeguard the "public treasury". From 1997 to 20 November 2017, the State Attorneys Office of the Republic of Slovenia (hereinafter: the State Attorneys Office) served in its capacity as a judicial authority and strived to achieve goals within the justice system, i.e. the effective, peaceful and civilised resolution of disputes in society. Since 20 November 2017, the State Attorneys Office has been operating as the legal successor to the former State Attorneys Office in accordance with provisions of the State Attorneys Office Act(Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia [Uradni list RS], No. 23/2017).

The State Attorneys Office performs professional tasks related to the protection of property and other rights and interests of the state by providing legal representation before courts and administrative authorities in the Republic of Slovenia, before foreign courts and in foreign arbitration, as well as before international courts and in international arbitration. It also performs tasks regarding legal counselling, the amicable resolution of disputes in initial proceedings, and other tasks determined by the State Attorneys Office Act or other Acts. 

The State Attorneys Office is a state authority that independently and autonomously performs its tasks and executes its competences in accordance with the provisions of the law. Pursuant to the State Attorneys Office Act, its work is supervised by the Ministry of Justice. The funds for its operation are provided from the budget of the Republic of Slovenia.

The principles governing the operation of the State Attorneys Office

The State Attorneys Office protects the property and other rights and interests of the Republic of Slovenia, and thus strengthens the rule of law. It acts professionally and takes into account the interests of the party it represents in accordance with the mutual trust principle. In order to reduce the workload of courts, the State Attorneys Office advocates the amicable resolution of disputes in initial proceedings.

The organisation and tasks of the State Attorneys Office

The organisation of the State Attorneys Office is regulated by the law, whereas its operation is governed by an implementing regulation adopted by the Minister of Justice on the basis of the preliminary opinion of the State Attorney General.

The tasks of the State Attorneys Office are performed by the State Attorney General, the Deputy State Attorney General, senior state attorneys, state attorneys, and candidate state attorneys.

The State Attorneys Office performs tasks within its competence at its head office in Ljubljana and at the branch offices of the State Attorneys Office (in Celje, Koper, Kranj, Maribor, Murska Sobota, Nova Gorica, Novo mesto and Ptuj).

Appointment of officials within the State Attorneys Office

The head of the State Attorneys Office is the State Attorney General, who is an official appointed by the Government upon the substantiated proposal of the Minister of Justice following the prior opinion of the Candidate Suitability Assessment Committee. The State Attorney General is appointed for a period of six years and may be reappointed. The State Attorney General has a deputy, who is an official appointed for a period of six years, with the possibility of reappointment, by the Government upon the proposal of the State Attorney General and with the consent of the Minister of Justice. The tasks of the State Attorneys Office are also performed by senior state attorneys, state attorneys, and candidates for state attorney, all of whom are public employees.